In the European Union (EU) in 2019, almost two-thirds of individuals (64%) aged 16 to 74 living in a household with children under 16 years old had basic or above basic digital skills, according to data published today by Eurostat, the statistical service of the EU.
This was one percentage point (pp) higher than 2017 (63%) and up by 3 pp from 2015 (61%). In contrast, 28% of individuals living in a household with children aged 0-16, reported that they had low overall digital skills.
The share of individuals living in a household without children with basic or above basic digital skills was by 11 pp lower (53%) compared to those living with children (64%).
Among EU Member States, Finland had the highest share of individuals aged 16 to 74 living in a household with children under 16 years’ old who reported that they had basic or above basic overall digital skills (88%), followed by the Netherlands (83%), Sweden (81%), Germany and Estonia (both 80%).
By contrast, the lowest shares were observed in Bulgaria (32%), Romania (34%), Italy (45%), Cyprus (54%) and Poland (55%).
According to further data released today by Eurostat, in 2017, the overwhelming majority (98.9%) of enterprises in the European Union’s non-financial business economy were enterprises with fewer than 49 persons employed (small enterprises), followed by medium enterprises (50-249 persons employed) with 0.9% of all enterprises. In contrast, just 0.2% of all enterprises had 250 or more persons employed and were therefore classified as large enterprises.
In 2017, there were 22.2 million SMEs in the EU’s nonfinancial business economy, contributing to over half of total value added (56%, EUR 3.5 billion).
SMEs employed 83.9 million people in 2017, accounting for 67% of all employed. Over half of them were employed in three economic activities: distributive trades sector (20.7 million people, 27% of small enterprises’ and 19% of medium-sized enterprises’ employment), manufacturing (15.8 million people, 14% and 33%) and construction (10.2 million, 14% and 7%).
Among EU Member States with available data, the share of people employed by small enterprises was highest in Portugal, where small enterprises employed 61% of all the employed, closely followed by Spain (58%), Latvia and Estonia (both 57%) as well as Slovakia (56%).
Medium-sized enterprises employed the highest shares of people in Luxembourg (25%), closely followed by Lithuania (23%), Estonia and Latvia (both 22%).
In Cyprus in 2017 there were 205 820 individuals employed at 52 577 small and medium enterprises, contributing € 6 511 300 000 to the economy.